Principles of Canadian Gambling and Online Casino in Criminal Code

Gambling in Canada has been undergoing the legalization step by step since 19th century till now. Legal types of gaming can be found in the Criminal Code. Those activities are licit among all the regions and we describe them below.

In case of online betting, it is said that each province regulates computer-based actions in its own way. Thus, the local government is free to establish its own internet site. However, it is not allowed for one domain to offer internet staking services to the citizens of another one without a contract. But, if there is an agreement, it is okay.

Criminal Code Development

Canadian online casino regulated by Criminal Code The Canadian Criminal Code was brought into being in 1892. The elaboration of gaming laws and restrictions started to develop. There were important amendments from 1892 to 1998:

  • The term “Lottery scheme” was inserted into the document in 1906.
  • Dices, wheels of fortune, shell games and punchboards were prohibited in 1922. But already in 1925 wheels were permitted at exhibitions and fairs.
  • In 1969 provincial governments could offer state lotteries. Besides, they could manage slot machines bets.
  • Finally, in 1998 dices turned up beyond prohibiting gambling activities.

Strict Ban in Law

In addition to the prohibition of different types of gambling, the Code determines that online casino Canada legal services require their gamers to be of age. Thus, players under 18 or 19 (it depends on a particular province and casino) can bear the criminal responsibility for actions related to internet betting.

Federal-Provincial Struggle

Criminal Code principles of online casino in CanadaIn 1969 the amendment caused attempts to establish betting facilities across state’s provinces. This kind of movement quickly turned into a mass phenomenon. Quebec, Manitoba, British Columbia, Alberta, and Saskatchewan founded their own lotteries in the first half of the 1970s.

Western Canadian Lottery Corporation appeared in 1974. The government never intended to set up so many organizations in a short period of time. However, this position was rethought.

In 1975 the Federal administration founded an institution similar to WCLC within the expectation of revenues during the Montreal Olympic Games.

A successful experience of the national companies resulted in the emergence of another one. Loto-Canada was established a year later, in 1976. Federal institutions occupied the marketplace and somehow besieged local analogs. Western regions and Quebec united to wring the company out of the raffle marketplace.

Document’s Part about Gaming

Provisions referring to gambling activities are set out in Part VII of the Criminal Code. At the beginning, there is a set of definitions such as betting houses, gaming rooms, disorderly establishments, etc. In addition, the partition introduces presumptions regarding casinos. There are also the prohibitions and types of punishment referring to the staking industry. Afterward, the section presents a list of exceptions to these taboos.

Illegal Gambling in Canada and Online Casino Regulation

There are usually some difficulties connected with online gambling in Canada. In order, not to get behind bars or to pay a huge fine, it is important to know what is actually wrongful.

Firstly, those providers that do not have the government license manage an unlawful activity and must be punished. Secondly, a current type of gaming must be in the scroll of exceptions to the prohibition. Thirdly, each province has its own list of legal types of betting that differ. Fourthly, any kind of advertising with money exchange is outlawed.


Canadaian Criminal Code laws of online casino Those types which are out of the prohibition include:

  • Sweepstakes on horse racing under the jurisdiction of the Minister of Agriculture.
  • Private wagers not involved in betting business.
  • The charitable or religious organization can manage lottery schemes to pursue benevolent or spiritual goals.

Lottery Schemes

Generally, there are three legal lotteries in Canada. Lotto 6/49 is the first national Canadian raffle game, allowing its players to choose their own numbers. Another two of them are Super-Lotto and Provincial.

Individual Stakes in Non-Betting Business

According to the document individual bets are those that occur somewhere out of the public. So, the only close circle of people can play, friends, for example. There is no charge, rules are also private. Individual stakes are completely lawful if:

  • they take place in a personal dwelling;
  • they are based on a domestic reason.